About 2018-08-03T16:54:56+00:00

TARABA STATE AT A GLANCE

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Taraba_LGsTaraba State was created on August 27th, 1991 when the Babangida Military Administration carved it out of the defunct Gongola State.

The State derives its name from one of the three major rivers and covers a land area of 59,400 square kilometres. At inception, the state comprised only ten Local Government Areas namely; Jalingo, Donga (created on 27th August 1991 Zing, Lau, Karim Lamido, Sardauna, Bali, Gashaka, Wukari and Takum.

The State currently has sixteen local government areas as a result of the creation of the following new LGAs; Ibi and Yorro in September 1991 and Ardo Kola, Kurmi, Ussa and Gassol in 1996.

There is also Yangtu, a Special Development area created by Danbaba administration in 2008 and NGADA Special Development Area which was created by Governor Darius Dickson Ishaku in September 2016.

The State derives its name from River Taraba and is made up of sixteen (16) Local Government Areas and two Special Development Areas. These areas constitute administrative units in three geopolitical zones with a total population of  about three (3) million people.

Taraba State lies roughly between latitude 6030″ and 9036″ north and longitude 90 10″50″ east. It is bounded by Bauchi and Gombe and Adamawa States in the north-east, and by Plateau State in the north-central. The state is further bounded to the north central by both Nasarawa and Benue States, while it shares an international boundary with the Republic of Cameroun to the south and south-east.

CLIMATE

The dry and rainy season common to tropical regions are also the dominant climatic features. The rainy season starts in April and ends in October, while the dry season begins in November and terminates in March.

The dry Season reaches its peak in January and February when the dusty north-east trade winds blow across the state.

The climatic, soil and hydrology of the State provide a conducive atmosphere for the cultivation of most staple food crops, grazing land for animals and fresh water for fishing as well as forestry.

VEGETATION

The vegetation of Taraba State comprises three types of vegetational zones namely; the Guinea Savannah which is marked by mainly forest and tall grasses are found in the southern part of the State like Wukari, Ussa,. Kurmi, Takum and Donga. The Sub-Sudan type characterised by short grasses are found in Jalingo, Lau and Ardo kola, interspersed with short trees. While the semi-temperate zone marked by luxuriant pasture and short trees is found on the Mambilla Plateau.

TARABA STATE LAND MASS 

Total Area in Km Sq = 60291.82

According to the 2006 census figures released by the National Population Commission (NPC), Taraba State has population figures of Two Million, Three Hundred Thousand, Seven Hundred and Thirty Six people (2,300,736).

LGA POPULATION MALES FEMALE
Ardo-Kola 86921 44020 42901
Bali 208935 112014 96921
Donga 134111 69267 65844
Gashaka 87781 48911 38870
Gassol 244749 125293 119456
Ibi 84054 45350 38704
Jalingo 139845 77425 62420
Karim-lamido 195844 99513 96331
Kurmi 91531 49188 42343
Sardauna 224437 113185 111252
Takum 135349 68863 66486
Ussa 93017 50700 41995
Yorro 89410 45548 43862
Zing 127363 64602 62761
Disputed Areas 20253 10386 9867
Total 2300736 1199849 1100887
Since its return to democratic rule on May 29, 1999, Taraba State being a constituent part of Nigeria has continued to be governed by the three democratic arms of Government namely; the Executive, the Legislative and Judiciary.

This is a marked contrast to the Military dictatorship, where only the Executive and Judiciary existed.

 

The Judiciary is saddled with the task of the administration of justice. It is led by the Chief Judge, who is also the Chairman of the State Judicial Service Commission, a body entrusted with the duty of appointment, promotion and discipline of judicial officers. The Judiciary in the State dispenses justice through the High Courts, Sharia, Area and Customary Courts spread across the State.

There are four Judicial divisions in the State namely; Jalingo, Gembu, Wukari and Bali.

The State Customary Court of Appeal is headed by its President while the Sharia Court of Appeal is headed by the Grand Khadi. 

Taraba State has enjoyed a quantum leap in the area of provision of health facilities in it’s seventeen (17) years of existence. Most of the giant strides in the health sector has been recorded in the current democratic dispensation. The State currently boasts of an ultra modern and well equipped Specialist Hospital located in Jalingo the State Capital. Three other Referral Hospitals are located in Mutum Biyu, Gassol LGA, Serti, Headquarters of Gashaka LGA and Pantisawa, Yorro LGA.

Similarly, the State has also  well equipped General Hospitals located at Wukari, Gembu, Warwar, Bambur and Zing. Takum Hospital which was destroyed during the Takum communal crisis is being reconstructed. All these hospitals were renovated and expanded to meet the ever growing needs of patients. Cottage hospitals and several Comprehensive Health Care Centres have also been established in various Local Government Areas to cater for the rural populace.

The School of Nursing and Midwifery, Jalingo and School of Health Technology, Takum have continued to provide the manpower training to the area of health in the State.

The State Government is also playing a vanguard role in rolling back Malaria and the HIV/AIDS scourge in the State through well planned and executed programmes. The media tour of all States of the Federation in which Taraba State was adjudged one of the best States in Nigeria in terms of provision of health facilities, attests to the unwavering commitment of the State Government in providing health for all. 

The State is politically divided into three zones namely the Northern, Central and Southern Zones.

The Northern zone comprises six Local Government Areas which Include Jalingo, Yorro, Ardo-Kola Others are Karim Lamido, Lau and Zing.

Gashaka, Sardauna, Bali, Kurmi, and Gassol Local Government Areas comprise the Central zone.

The Local Government Areas of Wukari, Takum, lbi, Donga and Ussa constitute the Southern Zone. 

ETHNIC GROUPS

There are over eighty (80) ethnic groups found in Taraba State each with its distinct historical and cultural heritage cohabiting peacefully with one another. Some of these tribes include Mumuye, Ichen, Wurkum, Mambilla, Kuteb, Chamba, Jukun, Yandang, Fulani, Jenjo, Kunini, Lo, Ndoro,Kambu, Kaka, Bandawa, Mung, Tiv, Zo, Bambuka, Jibu and Jole.

Hausa is commonly spoken by most indigenes of Taraba State irrespective of ethnic grouping. Other ethnic groups like Yoruba, Igbo are also found in Taraba State.

OCCUPATION

As a result of its agrarian nature, the predominant population of the State engage in farming as an occupation. The State also has a growing number of those who engage in white collar jobs owing to the assumption of a cosmopolitan character by the State capital.

About three-quarter (i.e 75%) of the people are farmers while an estimated one-quarter (25%) are engaged in other economic activities. 

The agrarian nature and rich alluvial tract of soil found in most parts of the State makes Taraba State conducive for growing  various food and cash crops. Its agrarian economy can sustain the entire Nigeria nation.

The Taraba State Government fully conscious of the role industrialisation can play in the overall development of the State has spared no effort in aggressively developing its industrial base by the establishment of such industries as the Taraba Gas Company. The State Government also, in liaising with the Federal Government and foreign business is embarking on the construction of the multibillion-dollar Mambilla Plateau Hydro Electric Project which when completed will service the energy needs of the country and even beyond.

The State Government also, in liaising with the Federal Government and foreign businesses is embarking on the construction of the multibillion-dollar Mambilla Plateau Hydro Electric Project which when completed will service the energy needs of the country and even beyond.

In addition to breaking new industrial grounds, the State Government under a democratic dispensation is resolutely committed to reviving and consolidating ex-industries such as the Baissa Timber Development Company, the Taraba Tomato Industry in Lau and The Nigerian Beverages Production Company Tea Factory, Kakara in Sardauna LGA.

The State Government has taken the bold step of inviting foreign businesses into the state in order to invest in critical areas like solid mineral exploration and development. 

Market Days of some Major Towns in Taraba State

S/N LGA TOWN MARKET DAYS
1. Ardo-kola

Sunkani

Iware

Garin Mallum

Mayo-Renewo

Kasuwan Lahadi

Kantiel

Tuesday

Tuesday

Monday

Saturday

Sunday

Monday & Friday

2. Bali Bali

Maihula

Garba-Chede

Pamanga

Dakka

Friday

Saturday

Thursday

Sunday

Saturday

3. Donga Donga

Anannum

Suntai

Mararraba

Fali

Friday

Saturday

Thursday

Monday

Friday

4. Gashaka Serti

Jamtari

Garbabi

Friday

Sunday

Friday

5. Gassol Mutum-biyu

Tella

Kwararrafa

Sabon-gida

Namnai

Mararraba Gassol

Tutare/Bembal

Friday

Sunday

Saturday

Monday

Wednesday

Wednesday

Saturday

6. Ibi Ibi

Gindin Waya

Dampar

Sarkin kudu

Sunday

Saturday

Friday

Tuesday

7. Jalingo Jalingo

Mile 6

Kona

Nukkai

Friday

Sunday

Saturday

Wednesday

8. Karim Lamido Karim Lamido

Bambur

Mutum Daya

Muri

Gomu

Didango

Jen

Monday

Saturday

Saturday

Friday

Tuesday

Tuesday

Thursday

9. Kurmi Baissa

Abong

Didan

Ruwan Sanyi

Mubi-Tosso

Ashuku

Ndafor

Sabongida

Akwanwe

Bissaula

Monday

Friday

Tuesday

Sunday

Friday

Saturday

Thursday

Tuesday

Monday

10. Lau Lau

Kunini

Sayonti

Abbare

Garin-Dogo

Friday

Monday

Sunday

Tuesday

Sunday

11. Sardauna Gembu

Mayo-Ndaga

Yelwa

Marwa

Kakara

Furmi

Zingo Ajiya

Nguroje

10 Days

Friday

Saturday

10 Days

10 Days

Sunday

Thursday

Friday

12. Takum Takum

Chanchanji

Kuffai Ahmadu

Kashimbilla

Tati

Thursday

Wednesday

Friday

Monday

Thursday

13. Ussa Lissam

Kpambo

Fikyu

Ruth

Kwesati

Kpakya

Manya

Thursday

Wednesday

Monday

Tuesday

Saturday

Wednesday

Monday

14. Wukari Wukari

Rafin Kada

Gindin-Doruwa

Gidan Idi

Tsokundi

Bantaji

Friday

Thursday

Wednesday

Sunday

Thursday

Tuesday

15. Yorro Pantisawa

Pupule

Appawa

Nyaja

Kassa

Lankaviri

Sunday

Saturday

Thursday

Monday

Friday

Monday

16. Zing Zing

Monkin

Lanrma

Mika

Yakoko

Wednesday

Saturday

Friday

Sunday

Sunday

Taraba State has 16 Local Government Area and 2 Special Development Areas which are listed below.

  1. Ardo-Kola
  2. Bali
  3. Donga
  4. Gashaka
  5. Gassol
  6. Ibi
  7. Jalingo
  8. Karim Lamido
  9. Kurmi
  10. Lau
  11. Sardauna
  12. Takum
  13. Ussa
  14. Wukari
  15. Yorro
  16. Zing
  17. Yangtu Special Development Area
  18. NGADA Special Development Area