There are over eighty (80) ethnic groups found in Taraba State each with its distinct historical and cultural heritage cohabiting peacefully with one another. Some of these tribes include Mumuye, Ichen, Wurkum, Mambilla, Kuteb, Chamba, Jukun, Yandang, Fulani, Jenjo, Kunini, Lo, Ndoro,Kambu, Kaka, Bandawa, Mung, Tiv, Zo, Bambuka, Jibu and Jole.
Hausa is commonly spoken by most indigenes of Taraba State irrespective of ethnic grouping. Other ethnic groups like Yoruba, Igbo are also found in Taraba State.
As a result of its agrarian nature, the predominant population of the State engage in farming as an occupation. The State also has a growing number of those who engage in white collar jobs owing to the assumption of a cosmopolitan character by the State capital.
About three-quarter (i.e 75%) of the people are farmers while an estimated one-quarter (25%) are engaged in other economic activities.